By Catholic News Service

Migration should be “a choice rather than something forced or involuntary,” said Philippine Archbishop Bernardito Auza, the Vatican’s permanent observer to the United Nations.

For that to happen, he cautioned, the “right to remain” must be respected.

Archbishop Auza said a proposed U.N. global compact on migration must give the right to remain a higher priority than the right to emigrate.

The archbishop made his remarks May 22 as part of a panel on human-made crises as drivers of migration. The panel was a side event taking place during U.N. preparations for the compact he was addressing.

“There is no worse human-made crisis that drives people forcibly to migrate or internally displaces populations than wars and violent conflicts. More than half of the world’s refugees, forced migrants and internally displaced persons have been forced to abandon their homes and properties and, indeed, to flee their countries, because of conflicts and violence, the tremendous negative impact of which continues in the odyssey of the victims,” Archbishop Auza said.

“They face the dangers of trafficking in persons, starvation and many forms of abuse.

“Upon arriving at their destination, rather than finding a safe haven, in many places they find mistrust, suspicion, discrimination, extreme nationalism, racism and a lack of clear policies regulating their acceptance.

“Clearly, the most effective way to stop massive movements of forced migrants and refugees is to stop the wars and violent conflicts that cause them.”

Archbishop Auza also outlined other factors he said are “major drivers of migration,” such as “extreme poverty, the lack of basic goods and services, and severe environmental degradation and disasters.”

“Helping distressed populations where they are, rather than procrastinating and hoping for the best,” he said, “is the most effective way to prevent their becoming involuntary migrants. It could also be the most cost effective way to help them and to spare them from all forms of exploitation.

“When vulnerable individuals and populations are forced to move, human rights abuses and sexual-related violence against women and children become all too common; families are separated; many are forcefully detained upon arrival or fall victim to human trafficking and other forms of modern slavery.”

While they are in transit and especially when they arrive in their countries of destination, “forced migrants are often perceived as taking advantage of host communities, rather than hapless peoples who deserve assistance and human sympathy,” the archbishop said.

The Vatican “continues to insist on the right of all to remain in their countries in peace and economic security,” Archbishop Auza said. “If conditions for a decent life are met and the drivers of migration are adequately addressed, people would not feel forced to leave their homes.”